There are a number of youth basketball rules and regulations that coaches have to teach beginners, but it is best to start with the absolute basics and  the basketball fundamentals. Instilling strong fundamentals to young players is vital to developing them into a stronger player in the later years. Coach’s that teach youth basketball have a difficult job, they have to repeatedly correct mistakes so that young players develop the correct fundamentals without picking up any bad habits. Here are some of the youth basketball rules and regulations to keep in mind.

Any shot behind the arc is designated being worth three points, shots inside the arc are worth two points, and any free-throws are worth a single point. Every game begins with the tip off/jump ball where two opposing players (almost always the player at the center position) line up against each other in the center circle, each jumping to tip the basketball that the referee throws up equidistant from each player. The team that doesn’t win the tip-off is awarded possession the
next time the basketball is tied up between opposing players.

Dribbling violations are a common theme committed by young players and coaches should reinforce good dribbling fundamentals. There are many different types of dribbling violations that may be committed. A dribbler can commit a violation called a travel that means that the player walked with the ball without dribbling for more than 1 1/2 steps. This call is discretionary by the officials and requires good referees to accurately call a travel. A double dribble is committed by bouncing the ball with both hands during a dribble or dribbling the basketball, stopping, and then dribbling again. This violation can also be committed by palming the ball but shouldn’t be common at all in youth basketball. Changing your pivot foot while having the basketball will also end in a double dribble.

Personal fouls are another big one that needs to be worked on with young players. Players must project good sportsmanship and temper. If a player hits, holds, pushes, slaps or trips a player on the opposition a personal foul may be called on the player that committed the foul. Calls can be called on both the offense and the defense and personal fouls are very situational. A player in youth basketball is ejected from the game if they commit a total of five fouls in a game. Charging and blocking fouls are difficult calls to make. Referring a basketball game can be difficult because most fouls are situational and can be subjective. A charge is called when a player on the offense pushes or runs through a player on the defense and the defensive player is firmly set on the floor and is out of the restricted area. The ball is then awarded to the defense after a charging violation. A blocking foul is called when the defended has not firmly established a position in front of the offensive player. After any type of foul where the offensive player was in the act of shooting that is referred to as a shooting foul. The players line up along the paint while the player that was fouled is awarded two free-throw attempts. After the second free-throw if the basketball doesn’t go in the basket and hits the rim instead, the ball is considered live and can be rebounded by either team. Nobody can enter the lane during a free throw until it is the second shot and it has hit the rim.

A Three-second rule is a rule that prevents the lane from being clogged by offensive players. An offensive player cannot stand in the lane for more than three seconds. If the offense commits the violation, the ball is awarded to the defense. Most leagues use the three-second leagues but very young leagues may not.

A back court violation is called when then offense moves past the half way line and then backpedals back to the other side of the court or the ball is passed over the half way line again. If the offense commits this violation, the ball is awarded to the defense. If the defense touches the ball last and it goes into the back court, the offense can get the ball without causing a violation to occur.

A ten-second violation is called when the offensive team in bounds the ball in a full-court situation and doesn’t pass the half way line within a ten second time-frame. If the offense commits this violation, the ball is awarded to the defense. This rule is usually used in youth basketball and it is a eight second violation rule in the NBA.

A Five-second violation is a violation where on an in bounds play, the passer must pass the basketball to one of their teammates in a five second window. The in-bounder should be mentally counting to five and making sure the ball is out of their hands or a timeout is called within that five second window. These are youth basketball rules and regulations that are commonly enforced in youth leagues. Basketball rules in general are difficult to learn and master but they are key to understand so you can play the rules to your advantage.